must fill out the entry form and hand it to the secretary
the day before the tour
Friday and Saturday starting
at the Ariston Exhibition Centre at 10 am and return at 14
The speakers, journalists and visitors, accompanied by guides
from the Archaeological Service of SA, AV, BN and CE of the
National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano City Sightseeing
By the Department
of Archaeology of Salerno, Avellino, Benevento and Caserta
and the National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano
collects unparalleled reports coming from the city and the
territory of Poseidonia-Paestum: prehistoric funerary equipment,
recovered architectonic and sculpture rests in the diggings.
Of great interest is the futile statue seated of Zeus from
the 6 century. a.C., large feminine bust, the lacking the
head, from the end of the 6 century a.C., the amphoras to
hydria in bronze from the 6 century a.C.. The painted slabs
coming from some 120 tombs up to now recovered, between one
of the most famous is the painted tomb of the Diver from
480 a.C.. Sculptures, marmoreal registrations, cult objects,
fragments and amphoras are the testimony of the Roman Age
was founded Greek colony to the end of the 7 sec. a.C. by
the Sibariti. Conquered to the end of the 5 sec. a.C. by
theLucani, in 3 sec. a.C. becameimposing temples are gilded,
going back to the IV and V sec. a.C.: the Basilica of Hera,
the Temple of Neptune or Poseidon and the Temple of Cerere.
The Basilica is the most ancient of the Paestum temples:
it rises solemnly, with the gilded columns of the arch, orienting
to east. The most classic and perfect example of a Doric
temple of the Greek world is surely Neptunes temple. To the
northern extremity of the sacred zone the templeCerere rises,
dedicated to Athena. The diggings regard an immense area
of the city with other huge buildings like the thermes, the
porch of the hole, the amphitheatre.
Elea, was founded around540 a.C. by the Focei colonies which
came fromAsia to battle Ciro’s army. Here Parmenide
and Zenone were born and with the eleatica school, reference
in the philosophical culture of the antiquity. In the modern
remains the city system is obvious through which Door is
approached through the imposing "rose" only example
of Greek architecture with time all sixth. Pregevole is the
wall of the sacred fencing with the charming stoà or
porch, paved in bricks from the Hellenistic Ages..
The site of Palinuro (Centola) is of particular interest in
the intersection of cultures that have been setting and whose
traces are found in the Antiquarium, located on the steep slope
in Ficocella that offers visitors a picturesque view of the gulf.
The building houses archaeological finds (ceramics and furnishings
of obsidian of about six thousand years ago) found in the excavations,
undertaken in the area of the town, which since 1948 have unearthed
a necropolis of the sixth century BC The public can see exhibits
of pottery imported Attic black-figure, and ion-decorated bands,
the vessels also reflected a kind of local pottery decorated
with geometric patterns reminiscent of whose elements from the
island of Cyprus and those of ceramic Percenzia in northern Apulia
dating from the late seventh century BC Dell'allestimento materials
are also part of several burial from the necropolis, Enotrio
type, of the San Paolo.
A Roccagloriosa are exposed
in two Antiquarian, finds evidences of Lucan (fourth century
BC.) Found in the
with tombs "emerging".
In the first Antiquarian (former Church of St. Mary of the Martyrs),
are exposed to, among others, the precious discoveries of the
tomb n 9 (female burial), containing a rich array of jewelry,
arrived intact, which testifies to the contacts with the productions
Taranto and links with ancient Italian traditions.
The second Antiquarian offers a photographic exhibition on the
site of the Necropolis and the graves especially n 19 and 24,
which also exhibits are on display. Starring exposure vessels,
among which are the three pieces of large (more than one meter
in height) with red figures that represent a unique way because
there were no other findings with similar measures dell'Apulia
out. Among them is the loutrophoros, whose crater is only 112
cm with spiral horns decorated with gargoyle heads.
The church of San Pietro
a Corte, known as the nail head tippet founded from prince
Arechi II, in around 787, is today the complex of greater
importance of the historical centre of Salerno. Archaeological
surveying currently in course, has brought to light the Roman
area. The area comprises, beyond the atmospheres immediately
below, once occupied by shops, also the area pertaining to
confraternity of S. Anna. In the XIII century the church
was used as a meeting centrefor the Parliament: in it public
ceremonies were often celebrated, between which the bestowal
of the diplomas of the Medical School Salernitan.
The "castle" that sits on the
hill Bonadies, already occupied in the Roman and then Byzantine
fortress, was equipped with a maior Turris, who made "impregnable
by nature and art, not being in Italy equipped with a rock
over it" (Paul Deacon, in Historia Langobardorum).
With Arechi II, who expanded the territory of the city to the
east and west walls surrounding it to new, well-handed from the
illustrations accompanying the poem by Pietro da Eboli, Liber
ad honorem Augusti, the end of the twelfth century, the castle
became a symbol of the centrality of his principality.
Gisulf II, the last Lombard prince of Salerno, coined the famous
coin with the legend "Affluent Salernu" mirror iconography
of the city, dominated by Turris, before he became, in 1077,
a fortress Norman, directed by Robert Guiscard. He later became
an important defensive element aragonese chessboard, and then
progressively lose importance with the changing techniques of
warfare. It was completely abandoned in the nineteenth century.
The restoration of the castle and the Bastille, which started
in 1982, led to functional recovery of the architectural components
and the entire redevelopment area, aiming, first, to refund the
readability of the largest architectural qualities of the fortified
structure, subject to continual expansion and adjustments dictated
by the succession of governments in the historical period of
its defensive function and by the emergence of new military techniques.
Today, through link structures, service and advanced security
are possible thematic itineraries. Excellence are the Media Gallery,
the Museum of the virtual display system with Turris Maior and
the Bastille, which is home to the contemporary sculptures by
Lorenzo Spirit (the "new guards"), attached to the
castle through a didactic-naturalistic.
National Archaeological Museum of Eboli
and the Media Valle del Sele
The Museum is housed in the Convent of
St. Francis, founded in the thirteenth century and extensively
remodeled in the sixteenth. Before the Second World War was
used as the town hall, the district court and the local high
school. The bombing of the war caused its partial destruction
and abandonment. A recent restoration has returned to public
use and the entire west wing of the complex is made available
by the Municipal Administration of the Archaeological Superintendence
of Salerno and Avellino, who oversaw the preparation of the
Currently, the Museum collects artifacts, mostly tombs, from
the old town of Eboli, which because of its location in the coastal
plain at the mouth of major routes such as the natural river
valley and the path of Tusciano Ofanto-Sele, represents the age
a boundary between ancient territories participating in different
The exhibition is organized chronologically tended to present
the main stages of life than thousand of the settlement: prehistory,
the Iron Age, the oriental period, the sixth and fifth centuries,
and, for now, ends with the rich documentation of the fourth
century. B.C. By its nature it will be surfed for a museum in
the near future to accommodate even the testimony of the territories
bordering on the middle course of the gravitating Sele.
But it should be noted that this particular museum, created to
tell the story of a former district is not culturally homogenous,
will feed and grow with the results of field research, which
is why the exhibition, the 'upper floors is still under construction
, will become dialectically linked to the archaeological investigation
and the subsequent reconstruction of the ancient landscape. In
the lobby there is the base of a statue with an inscription (183
AD) known as Tombstone Eburina, which had been reused in the
bell tower of the church of Santa Maria in Intra. This epigraphic
text makes it clear that had the status of Municipium Eburum.
The construction of the new National Archaeological
Museum of Pontecagnano - funded by the Ministry of Heritage
and Culture with the contribution and participation in the
Campania Region and the local municipal government - is the
final stage of an ambitious project led by the Superintendence
for Archaeological Heritage the provinces of Salerno and Avellino
in close collaboration with the University of Naples 'L'Orientale'
and with the University of Salerno, and configures itself within
the exceptional importance of the archaeological heritage as
it gathers the most significant Etruscan expansion in southern
Italy, returned from one of the most important site of ancient
Campania and the South.
The new and larger premises in a strictly scientific, but shows
at the same time charming and attractive, through the development
of various issues, the results of the intense and constant research
begun in 1964 in the municipality of Pontecagnano (SA) following
the discovery of The most significant of the last fifty years,
a large Etruscan settlement, which had urban characteristics
as early as the Archaic.
The importance and the size of the site are documented by the
rich more than 8000 funeral that attest the attendance of the
First Iron Age (end of X - the early ninth century. BC) to Roman
times, when the settlement Etruscan-Italic overlaps Picentia
colony (263 BC). The main core of museum display is made up of
princely outfits oriental period (late eighth-seventh century
BC.), at the peak flowering of the center.
It hosts a rich documentation
of the entire province of Salerno, from prehistory to late
In pole position is the support of the princely tomb of Roscigno,
V and the beginning of the end of the fourth century. BC. It
preserves also ceramic bells, and Samnite age of Lucan 'Hellenistic,
Etruscan pottery, bronze ornaments including the admirable
head of Apollo discovered in the waters of the Gulf of Salerno.
This is a valuable late Hellenistic original, dated in the
first half of the century. BC, attributed Pasiteles artist,
born in Magna Graecia.
The Baptistery, whose circular
shape, he was awarded the title of "Round", was
part of a larger complex.
The first written attestation dates back to a diploma of the
year 841 AD Set of 15 arches, supported by many pairs of smooth
columns, the dome covering the central baptismal font, octagonal,
second only to that of Italy in San Giovanni in the elements
marble of the architectural decoration, bases, shafts of columns,
capitals and molded frames are bare and evident function of reuse.
pre-Roman settlement, with remains dating from the sixth
century. BC, in which co-existed
Etruscans, Greeks and natives. The Archaeological area was
called the "Acropolis" for both the topographic location
of the finds is because 'the structures found suggests a religious
center and the Civil summit' of the settlement.
Impressive remains of the Samnite necropolis at the end of
the fourth century BC.
document mentioning the church of Santa Maria de Lamas dates
from 1055: "ubi
ecclesia sancte Marie Blade ... constructa intus hanc dicitur
salernitanam civitatem", but probably originated more
'old. Santa Maria de Lamas, located in the heart of the historic
city ', contains the only evidence of the Lombard period of
Inside, two columns are decorated with frescoes almost life-size:
about one and 'represented the Christ with the cross, on the
other there' a female figure, perhaps Mary Magdalene.
Dedicated to S. Matthew the Evangelist,
whose relics are still preserved in the crypt, the Cathedral
of Salerno has characteristics similar to those of the Abbey
of Monte Cassino situated Desire: plan of a basilica consists
of three longitudinal aisles, a transept and a four.
The original structure, built under the reign of Robert Guiscard,
was renovated in 1688. Preceded by a huge atrium surrounded by
a porch supported by twenty-eight columns, than the imposing
building on the south side has a big tower of the twelfth century.
Access to the structure is through a door set in a bronze Byzantine
marble portal at the base which is placed a pair of lions.
Built in the second century BC and scenically
set against the southern wall, was enlarged from 76 to 96 m
in the Augustan age or Tiberian.
It is one of the greatest scenic buildings of ancient Campania.
Both the orchestra and the frons scaenae were adorned with precious
marble and statues.
Underwent further restoration after the earthquake of 62 AD.
Palazzo Pinto, aristocratic
residence in the heart of the historic center, houses the Provincial
Art Gallery. On display are paintings from the Renaissance
to the early twentieth century. In the Renaissance section
of the boards are fine by Andrea Salerno and the Master of
the Coronation of Eboli.
Of great interest are the seventeenth-century paintings by
Giovanni Battista Caracciolo, Andrea de Lyon, Charles Rose.
The eighteenth century are paintings by Francesco Solimena
and his Academy. Many paintings by painters costaioli Salerno
and in the second half of the twentieth century. One section
is devoted to foreign artists, who built the works exhibited
accommodation reflects the type of the villa maritima has
two floors with large reception
rooms, then split into smaller rooms (in ¹ area west)
and thermal environments (in ¹ eastern area), which are
still recognizable tepidarium, the caldarium and praefurnium
The upper floor, built later, are still a few elements that
are not clearly legible, including the stairway on the west
The lower floor is rather well preserved. Its facilities rely
on the hill behind, doing so also a static function, terracing,
for the higher ones.
In some areas the decoration is kept in a third style of stucco
and the times they are arranged around a large triclinium with
nymphaeum (about 70 square meters), with a ceiling decorated
with stucco ceilings and patterned ground and the remains of
frescoes in the IV style, with beautiful mosaic floors.
Built in the early 1 century AD, the villa, her life has undergone
several renovations and remodeling.
Accommodates most part Vietri
ceramics, but also from other sites in Campania, Apulia, Calabria,
Liguria. The oldest specimens of Vietri ceramics dating from
the late century. XV. This production is part of a trend that
involves the working of Salerno and its immediate surroundings
since the pre-Roman times.
Go back to the seventeenth century the oldest examples of votive
tiles. Rich is the testimony of the twenties and forties, the
period known as "German", with pieces from authors
of northern Europe made in Vietri.
The ancient Roman colony of Abellinum,
situated on the hill of today's city of Civita Atripalda (AV),
along the left bank of the Sabbath, is rich in testimony monumental,
related to the original plant.
The urban fabric, which covers about 25 hectares, is divided
by orthogonal roads that mark the districts and is enclosed by
massive walls in opus reticulatum 2 km long, dating back to the
A rich mansion, a domus type Pompeian atrium and peristyle, with
painted plaster and mosaic floors, occupies an entire city block.
Excavations are currently underway, have allowed the highlighted
area of the vestibule of the domus: in particular it was found
the entrance flanked on each side by two large tabernae (shops),
marked by two stone thresholds, overlooking a stretch of great
Structures relevant to a thermal plant, particularly monumentality
and texture, the character of public testimony, already evident
from a number of important discoveries, including that of the
sacrificial altar with marble ..
Outside the urban areas are located burial along the banks of
the Sabbath, and the remains of the monumental amphitheater.
Medieval Castle of Avellino
Avellino Castle stands on a volcanic outcrop
in ancient surrounded by two streams, north and south on the
Rio Striper Cupo.
Recent archaeological investigations have identified the original
core of the complex, to defend the medieval city situated on
the hill of earth, and in use until at least 700, a time when
the last owner, the Caracciolo princes, they left the 'ancient
manor, preferring a stately residence more suited to the needs.
Interventions, ongoing project carried out on the town of Avellino,
the BAP Superintendent of Salerno and Avellino and the Superintendence
of Archaeological Heritage of Salerno and Avellino, held a view
of the preservation and enjoyment of the complex.
The archaeological excavation has identified several phases of
occupation of the complex: the oldest traces of funerary structures
from Roman times, consisting of parts of mausoleums with their
bare elements (including a lion in limestone), it goes to a primitive
system dating to the sixth-seventh century AD,
is a well documented next step between high and late Middle Ages
during which new structures are implanted substantially constituted
by a rectangular fortress. Around the thirteenth century, the
monument is affected by significant renovations and expansions,
among which deserves particular mention of the construction of
More accommodations that occurred around the fifteenth century,
followed by a series of destructive episodes, including a fire
of which traces were found on the floor of a rectangular room.
The castle lost its residential function in the first decade
of the '700 and the complex, over 800, is used as a quarry and
agricultural purposes, according to a feature found in other